IoT – Where Are We?

“Hype Cycle?” Yes, somehow there was a “hype cycle for the Internet of Things.” . At this time, we are looking into definitions of ‘M2M’ and ‘IoT’ – likely to be a variant of that offered by ETSI. We also want to develop a common working framework for IoT, and the infrastructure to spread the IoT-based services to all participants – obviously, it is an environment where IoT data is shared and managed. The following diagram depicts the initial thinking:

The right depicts the four components of an IoT Business Framework, and the left is the infrastructure with the service concept that is cloud provisioned. The center is an example of an IoT artifact – a smart city.

Olympic Moments: InsP

Closing ceremony of Olympic 2016 is now in progress. I don’t have a TV, so I do not have a live feed to get the feel and join the celebration. Olympic moments are presented at (visited August 22, 2016). Moments like the handshake that never happened, the race-in-progress included taking care of your competitor, and the women’s wrestling metal was not only about sports. The moments can be snapped by a photographer onsite with strict concentration. A moment can be easily missed. With technology, the camera can transmitted that instance phenomenon (InsP) picture via wireless communication that finally reaches the Internet and on its way to a storage unit – how do you stream ‘the moment’ I wonder.

With super predictive power of Snoopy, the InsP app I installed on my Android phone happily pops up that moment picture in that storage as a notification. Of course, what is missing is the logical link from the app to the storage monitoring software (nothing new here), and an active Internet connection. That connection can be simply a cellular network connection (e.g., a LTE network that you paid monthly to use), or you rely on the (free) WiFi hotspot at where you are now. Hello, smart city. One moniker under IoT is the technology can bring smartness to a city. Depending how you look up ‘smart city,’ you will find plenty of opinions of what takes to be a smart city, from smart living to smart environment. One approach is to bring Internet connectivity coverage across the city, allowing a multi-modal networking state of citizens and visitors alike.

Take a peek at this HKG Government document, one initiative for a ‘Smarter Hong Kong’ (I like ‘smarter’ than simply ‘smart’) is to add more WiFi hotspots. Not sure the doubling of hotspots would bring to what percentage coverage in Hong Kong – maybe it was politically incorrect to state that. Anyhow, I am looking forward to any smart city to ‘connect’ me freely but with the need to involve in a logon process once. That would be tough if the hotspots are a public-private venture, and there is no concept yet of a global SSO. Who can push for that? The U.N.? Anyone?

Tiptoeing off the World Stage

To continue with the conversation on Instance Phenomenon, or InsP hereafter (Oh, I started this January once only!!), I add here with a definition: “The awareness of an event at the instance that it happens.” For example, when this was said: “In our nation’s capital, killings have risen by 50 percent. They are up nearly 60% in nearby Baltimore.” by the Republican nominee, you instantly are informed of this statement (let’s say because you live in Washington, D.C.). Furthermore, InsP could also mean that when that was said, a ‘fact check’ was performed, and you are instantly informed if the two percentages are correct or not. The first InsP is simple service that applies a filter to TV live broadcast, or a streaming feed of speech text from Twitter-like service – the word phrase you specified earlier will be used to create a notification to your cell once it appears (Yes, both services do not exist to the best of my knowledge).

Another level of InsP if the word ‘awareness’ is replaced with ‘visibility.’ That is, InsP can be visual. For example, the “Chewbacca Mom” will automatically stream to your smart device once the ‘like’ reaches a 50,000 counts (an indicator you manage). Technology has made such InsP possible. And examples are plenty but not universal (I will discuss some in later posts). The goal here is to develop a framework that allows the creation of InsP a known process, and hopefully, with the framework, solutions are available. I will bring in two other topics under the InsP discussion: IoT and Service in next posts.

I would love to have an InsP defined for myself when USexit of the World (a bigger version of Brexit) is a fact – that is, the next USA president is a Republican.

Instance Phenomenon

Happy Year 2016!!

Another hour or so, CA (or other States in that time zone) will be bidding goodbye to 2015. That instance of counting down to 2016 will be recorded and shared among many.

Yes, I am still chasing that illusive concept of ‘visibility.’ Along the way, a few brews were made, not getting any better in understanding the elements that affect the taste outcome of the brew. Was it the weather? Was it the water amount I used in the wort? Or the typical yeast that was recommended by the shop? No clue.

We are moving towards the instance phenomenon unknowingly to most of us. Instance visibility is one of the phenomena; so is that instance when the first firework shot up the Australia skyline. We are not looking for instant phenomenon, but only that instance. In supply chains, that instance is being defined by the person who is looking for that phenomenon. We argue ( in a paper presentation in ICEB 2015) that a duality in visibility demands a more investigative study in a supply chain environment. A consequential presentation with respect to that paper was a ‘visibility cloud’ view that I allured to earlier in the posts.

I hope to detail a bit more our thinking on supply chain visibility, with big data!! here in a more regular fashion. My excuse is that to keep up with the term ‘big data’ and what have been discussed out there takes up much time to filter the lint off the topic fabrics.

Try another brew

Have to pick up the reading on brewing beer. I picked up an ‘old’ recipe for Rajah India Pale Ale (from Wine & Hop Shop). Ingredients are not that easy to come by here in Hong Kong. Anyway, I went to Chris’ shop and grabbed some hops (Willamette & Kent Golding), along with a pound of Caramel 10L crashed grains. I skipped the Oak Chips and put in orange peels instead!! I am taking this brew as if I was cooking a common dish when not all ingredients are not available at the spur of the moment. I believe why my sweet-and-sour pork is different than those that I used to get at some American-Chinese restaurants (you know what I am talking about) because I don’t use pineapple juice. Are we saying about the same for beer brewing, giving rise to the different taste and body? I like to find out the ‘science’ behind of it all. For now, let me catch up my reading before I run my mouth more on brewing as if I had done that many times over. I am still at kindergarten level.

I’m Back – Who Said That?

It has been an interesting hiatus for me in the past year or so. Not that I was disconnected from cyberspace, like the landing of Lollipop and Yoshimite. I was dragged, half willingly, into the mist of big data, while I was wondering how much bourbon was in that bourbon barrel IPA. Can’t say the qualifier ‘big’ was not on target. It was big alright. But it was not what was ‘in’ the data that was big (how many ‘was’ in this sentence?). There was a trail to that ‘big’ noted all the way back to processing in Silicon Graphics equipment.
    It is big alright – from the perspective of to the number of publications found in academic journals on ‘big data.’ Nonetheless, data is data, and if in electronic form, it would be just ‘text’ or ‘numbers’ (or ASCII characters and numerical digits). Numbers have no meanings. If it is a quantity then we need to know the context. Text is another matter. Just WSD (word sense disambiguation) will give you headaches when you try to mine the user-generated content (UGC) in social media postings.
    I need more IPA’s to help me think clearly!! I narrow down my Big Data plate to ‘visibility,’ ‘analytics,’ and ‘supply chains.’ Basically, I am hopping back to ‘supply chain visibility’ to begin the new year 2015. Happy New Year to you all.

Craft Beers in and of Hong Kong?

(original post: July 17, 2013) I have a few opportunities to try out some craft beers in the United States, especially IPA types. Here is just one example. One flavor of Lagunitas Beer I am now having a can of Harbin beer, with a 3.6% ABV and an ingredient of rice (大米). There are other choices such as the Pearl River Beer and the Heineken. I wonder if craft beer can have a place in the beer drinking community in Hong Kong or in Southern China? Wonder if any brewmasters out there is thinking of testing out such markets? I am quite interested in such endeavor, now trying my hands first time in home brewing. Not sure how it comes out yet – I will know in another week.

If you share similar interests, drop me a line with ‘craft beer’ as the subject line.

Happy Fun Pig Bar (樂趣朱爸)

(original post: August 25, 2013) I started the ‘Fade to Black IPA’ brewing last week (15th of August). A recipe from the Wine & Hop Shop in Madison, Wisconsin. A bit struggling with the cooking, or steeping as I could only use the medium burner in my gas range!! Well, I was happily following directions from the instruction that came with the recipe. I was happy when I poured the two plastic bottles of dark malt extract into the water, knowing now that for another hour, I would be watching the bubbles rising from the bucket of wort!! Yeah! The cold break took a bit effort as ice did not come easy. I can’t jump into the car, speed down to the neighbourhood Smith’s grocery store and come back with a bag or two ice. No, siree. Not here in Hong Kong. So, I filled my water bottles with tap water and made a few ‘ice bottle cubes!’ the cold break went slowly with the help of running tap water. The wort finally reached the desired temperature without killing the yeast that was about to jump in and kick into action fermenting… In the wort, there were two packages of Columbus hop and one Centennial hop. I do like the smell of hops. Will find other ways to use the hop later. So, into the bucket with the wort and some cold water; dumped the package of dry yeast in, snapped on the lid, tightened the fermentation lock, and stored the bucket into the air-conditioned room. Happy. Day one, the bubbling was going up here and there; felt a bit curious as it was not as rigorous as the one gallon brew I did last time (the very first time after the lesson from HK Brew). Well into the 7 days, the bubbling subsided too early; no head that I could see through the ‘clear’ white plastic bucket!!

Anyway, I opened the bucket on the 8th day and racked the content into a carboy (with a package of Columbus and a package of Centennial inside already). Color looked ok, smell was ok and the taste a bit bitter; ok for me. Not crisp. Not clear. No worry. Capped the carboy with the air lock. Then I went back to the recipe for a checkup – because when I got those two packages of hops for the second stage of fermentation, I found two remaining packages in my recipe pack!! One is glucose (for bottling), and one pound bag of brown sugar. Yes, I checked the recipe, there was that one pound. Scanning down the instruction, and there it was – add malt extract AND brown sugar!! Oh no. I skipped completely – smart alley not looking at the recipe when doing the wort!! No wonder the yeast was not happy. They were not fed right with the sugar, seriously reducing their fermenting behaviour.

Ok, to save myself, I panically dumped the whole pound into the carboy and wish myself luck. To be continued.

Back to Title of this post – that would be my first try to a name of the bar that I am trying to start. Good luck to me. More on this later.

Visibility Home (original post: April 5, 2013)

It is not a phone. It is not an OS. It is just a ‘family of apps.’ Well, that was said about ‘Facebook Home’ – from our view, an integrative presentation of what concerns you most when you wake up in the morning. So much as we label the web is now migrating into an integrative era. We are used to getting a software in a box that satisfies an identified need that can be enabled by starting that software in a computer, or now that compute node in the cloud. Nonetheless, we don’t expect there is one software that can be customized to do what one wants to do, from word processing to that Facebook posting. It is unlikely in my lifetime that Adobe and Microsoft will become one company that an Adobe Home software package can allow me to do any fancy creative suite manipulation while I am in powerpoint – really, I just want to remove that dimple from the person in that image I grab off the Internet. Tough. As tough as the reasoning behind gay marriage arguments.

If we take that thought, an integrative view of supply chain would be most beneficial to any supply chain participant at anytime anywhere. That elusive supply chain visibility is what we want to crystalize in this blog (yes, I changed the label from RFID Adoption in Supply Chains to Supply Chain Visibility). Riding on the chit chat, ‘Visibility Home’ would be what the vCloud (Visibility Cloud) would offer. Yes, in our design of vCloud, apps is the one interface that each participant will have to gain supply chain visibility. Not sure I like the label ‘Visibility Home’ (VH), and the ‘concept’ of it. ‘Home’ is too comfortable!! ‘War Room’ is too urgent, yet it is true that losses or wins can be accomplished. Anyway, I need a word, like ‘playbook’, ‘makeup kit’, ‘vPad’, …

vCloud Update (original post: April 4, 2013)

A lot of efforts has been put into the development and justification for the vCloud project. With many unfortunate requests from the granting governmental agencies, we managed to reach a state that only final supporting documents were needed to submit to complete the process and project should begin soon after. The surprise came when the key sponsor backed out of the project, comfortably covered their behinds and left the project dead not even on arrival!! Anyway, equity has been created by the team. We will document the idea here.

I will move on to other interests so this blog will have a mix of topics that you will find appearing with different tags. The website will also be re-layout to show the change in focus. Let me know if you have any comments.